Earthquakes that occurred this year are highlighted in red. Records highlighted in
orange show major earthquakes since 2000.
The deadliest earthquake occurred near Huaxian, Shaanxi (formerly Shensi), China,
about 50 miles (80 km) east-northeast of Xi'an, the capital of Shaanxi. More than
830,000 people were killed. Damage extended as far away as Taiyuan, the capital of
Shanxi (formerly Shansi) and about 270 miles (430 km) northeast of the epicenter.
The earthquake was reportedly felt more than 500 miles (800 km) away.
The 2004 Sumatra earthquake represents the third largest earthquake in the world
since 1900 and is the largest since the 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska
earthquake. The tsunami caused more casualties than any other in recorded history
and was recorded nearly world-wide on tide gauges in the Indian, Pacific and
Atlantic Oceans. For more information on the Indian Ocean tsunami see slides
The most recent, major earthquake occurred in January 2010 in Haiti. According to
official estimates, 222,570 people killed, 300,000 injured, 1.3 million displaced,
97,294 houses destroyed and 188,383 damaged in the Port-au-Prince area and in
much of southern Haiti. This includes at least 4 people killed by a local tsunami in
the Petit Paradis area near Leogane. Tsunami waves were also reported at Jacmel,
Les Cayes, Petit Goave, Leogane, Luly and Anse a Galets. The tsunami had
recorded wave heights (peak-to-trough) of 12 cm at Santo Domingo, Dominican
Republic and 2 cm at Christiansted, US Virgin Islands. Uplift was observed along
the coast from Leogane to L'Acul and subsidence was observed along the coast
from Grand Trou to Port Royal.