Developmentalchpt72010

Developmentalchpt72010 - Cognitive Development Piaget and...

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Unformatted text preview: Cognitive Development Piaget and Vygotsky Chapter 7 Cognition Cognition refers to all higher order mental processes by which humans understand and adapt to the world Thinking Reasoning Learning Problem solving Developmental psychology seeks to understand how the form and function of cognition changes across the life span Jean Piaget Piaget was trained as a biologist and as a philosopher Piagets view of the intellectual development of the child reflected an interaction between biology and experience Principles of knowledge: Seek the organization by which the child understands the world Identify the functional significance of knowledge (that is, knowledge allows a child to adapt to the world) Piagetian Issues Cognitive adaptation reflects the actions of two complementary processes: Assimilation allows an existing cognitive structure to adapt to the environment Accommodation allows the cognitive structure to change in order to handle a new environmental situation The understanding of the child is dynamic and changes from infancy to Piagets Periods of Development Sensorimotor period : Birth - age 2 Infant schemes are simple reflexes and interactions with people and objects Preoperational period : Age 2 to 6 Child begins to use mental representations but problem solving is limited (cont)...
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Developmentalchpt72010 - Cognitive Development Piaget and...

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