developmentalchpt92010

developmentalchpt92010 - Intelligence Chapter 9 The...

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Unformatted text preview: Intelligence Chapter 9 The Psychometric approach to intelligence focuses on the use of standardized tests to identify individual differences among people IQ tests yield ordered differences among people Results in an evaluative dimension in which person A is less or more intelligent than person B IQ tests are pragmatically oriented Determine the type of education a student should receive Binet approach was developed in 1905 by Alfred Binet and T. Simon. The purpose was to measure individual differences in intellectual ability. Wechsler approach involves a verbal scale and a performance scale More recent entries include group tests of intelligence and infant tests SUBTEST VERBAL SCALE  Information How many wings does a bird have?  What is a pepper?  Arithmetic If two apples cost $.15, what will be the cost of a dozen apples?  Vocabulary What is does _____ mean? Hammer  Epidemic  Protect SUBTEST PERFORMANCE SCALE  Object Assembly Put the pieces below together to make a familiar object Characteristics of a good psychometric test include Reliability which asks whether the test gives repeatable scores (consistency of measurement) Validity which asks whether the test measures the intended domain Criterion validity determines whether IQ can predict a criterion such as school performance IQ scores correlate 0.5 with school performance Core issue asks: what is the underlying structure of intelligence? Spearmans two-factor theory: One factor is general intelligence (g), this factor is a part of all forms of intellect The other factor is s which refers to special abilities Thurstone argued for seven primary abilities Verbal comprehension, verbal fluency, number, spatial visualization, memory,...
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course 10974 PSYC 2500 taught by Professor kim o'neil during the Winter '10 term at Carleton CA.

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developmentalchpt92010 - Intelligence Chapter 9 The...

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