developmentalchpt102010

developmentalchpt102010 - Language Chapter 10 Language s s...

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Language Chapter 10
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Language Language is a complicated system of rules that allow us to communicate verbally Language is unlikely to be only a genetic process because Productivity of language involves an infinite set of messages that are unlikely to be passed along via the genetic code Adopted children do not speak the language of their biological parents
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The Nature-Nurture Debate B.F. Skinner held that the acquisition of language was a function of learning Child is reinforced for imitation of adult speech, punished for poor language effort Chomsky’s criticism of the learning view: Children are not reinforced for speech accuracy Children learn to speak well even when exposed to poor models of speech Children emit novel sentences The rules of grammar are too complex for simple learning processes
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Nativist View of Language The nativist view advanced by Noam Chomksy argued for a biological basis for language acquisition Language consists of a complicated set of rules that only humans learn Language has two structures: Surface structure refers to the way that words are combined (varies with culture) Deep structure refers to the inborn rules of language (these do not vary across culture) Language acquisition device : Brain has specialized neural circuits that help us learn grammar. We do know that Broca’s area is involved in language functions
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Other Views of Language Development Cognitive-developmental models suggest that a child’s early knowledge and concepts
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developmentalchpt102010 - Language Chapter 10 Language s s...

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