Unformatted text preview: Who am I? Who am I?
Development of the Self The Self System The Self System
s The self is viewed as a product of a system of interrelated processes – Selfknowledge is concerned with children’s knowledge of themselves – Selfevaluation is concerned with children’s opinion of their abilities – Selfregulation is the part of the self concerned with selfcontrol Terminology Terminology
Looking glass self: self is a reflection of how others act to you s Selfconcept: Recognizing our own attributes most theorists believe young infants don’t have s Selfrecognition: (remember the rouge test?)Emerges 1st/2nd year of life alters social interactions
s Developmental Course Developmental Course
Young children develop theory of the mind (beliefdesire theory and false beliefs), private and public selves s Later childhood/adolescence: more aware of inner qualities, may develop falseself behaviours s cultures differ on selfconcept – individualistic v. collectivistic
s SelfEsteem SelfEsteem
s s s s s Feelings of selfworth Generally encompasses physical, academic & social competences, athletic, behavioural(Susan Harter) Not stable often declines in adolescence Parenting styles & peer influences (social comparison) associated with selfesteem Suicide seen as the complete destruction of self (complete lack of selfworth) SelfControl SelfControl
Regulate and inhibit conduct s Compliance, committed compliance, situational compliance s Delay of gratification: improves dramatically with age, selfcontrol becomes a valued attribute s Some evidence for selfcontrol and favourable life outcomes
s Achievement Motivation Achievement Motivation
Striving to succeed and accomplish s Three phases: 1. Joy in Mastery 2. ApprovalSeeking 3. Use of Standards s Influenced by: quality of attachment, home environment, parenting style and peer groups
s Achievement Attributions Achievement Attributions
We tend to attribute success/failure to: ability, effort, task difficulty, luck s 2 orientations: Mastery oriented attribute successes to ability and failures due to low effort s Learnedhelplessness oriented failures due to lack of ability, stops trying, success due to luck
s Identity Identity
s s s s s s Sense of “who I am” 4 identity statuses (Marcia) a. Identity diffusion b. Foreclosure c. Moratorium d. Identity achievement Development of Identity Development of Identity
Increases from 12 years to early adulthood s Gender differences s Influenced by cognitive, parenting, scholastic and sociocultural
s Knowing others Knowing others
Young children use behavioural comparisons (form impressions based on overt behaviours) s Adolescents use psychological comparisons (form impression on abstract psychological dimensions)
s Changes in Self Descriptions Changes in Self Descriptions
Age Period Early childhood Focus of Self Examples Physical aspects “I have freckles Possessions “ My cat is white” Preferences “I like pizza” Behavioral traits“I’m a good singer” emotions “I’m a cheerleader” Attitudes, Personality traits “I’m patriotic” “I like guns” Middle Childhood Adolescence ...
View Full Document
This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course 10974 PSYC 2500 taught by Professor kim o'neil during the Winter '10 term at Carleton CA.
- Winter '10
- Kim O'Neil