developmentalchpt132010

developmentalchpt132010 - Moral Development Aggression and...

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Moral Development Aggression and Altruism Chapter 13
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Aggression Harm or injury to a living being Hostile Aggression: goal = harm victim Instrumental Aggression = harming as a means to an end Most acts instrumental in early childhood, hostile increases with age
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Aggression and Gender Old view: boys more aggressive New view: boys more overtly aggressive, girls more relationally aggressive Aggression peaks at adolescence Aggression quite stable Early aggression predicts later aggression and criminal conduct
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Differences in Aggressive Behaviour Proactive aggressors: aggression pays off (instrumental) Reactive aggressors: people are the enemy and need to be dealt with forcefully Who will deal with a situation aggressively? Those who have hostile attributional bias (Dodge)
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Bullying Increasingly a problem 1 in 5 kindergarten children report victimization Most victims are passive victims: shy, weak, socially withdrawn Some victims are proactive victims: restless, oppositional, irritate peers Victimization leads to later anxiety, depression, avoidant behaviours, low self-esteem
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Cultures/Subcultures
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developmentalchpt132010 - Moral Development Aggression and...

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