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DevelopmentalChpt142010 - Gender Issues Sex Differences...

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Gender Issues Sex Differences
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Differences in & Categorizing Genders Gender role standard: behaviours that are considered appropriate for certain sexes Typically girls expected to have expressive roles and boys instrumental roles Gender has biologically based differences but also society casts gender typing and attribute expectations on children
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But we do differ... Verbal ability - girls better Visual/spacial ability - boys better Math ability - depends on which skill Aggression - boys=overt, girls=relational Activity level - boys more Fear, timidity, risk taking - girls more timid, less risk takers Physical development - boys more vulnerable to prenatal & postnatal problems Expressivity/Sensitivity - equal but different Compliance - girls better
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Stereotypical Expectations Self-fulfilling prophecy - we treat people a certain way they will act a certain way Many differences in skill levels can be attributed to 1) home influences 2) school influences
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