DevelopmentaChpt15%26162010 - The Family Chapter 15&16...

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The Family Chapter 15&16
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Functions of Family Socialization: regulating child’s behavior, controlling impulses, helps personal growth (acquire knowledge/skills), perpetuates the social order Family important because: first years of child’s life most important, often only teachers
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The Family as a Social System Modern research: families are complex, reciprocal relationships - affected by culture and community Family is like the human body, all parts work together Direct Effects: when two members affect each others behaviour e.g. infant smiling Indirect Effects: when a third party influences direct effects e.g. dads
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Types of families Coparent: team effort. Breakdown = relationship stresses Extended Families: Culturally dependent, research shows extended support healthy and positive Families are everchanging, and embedded in cultural context
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Changes More single adults - less people marrying Later marriages - 27.4 years for women, 29.5 for men Less children - Women give birth later, average = 1.59 Mom’s working - 2000, 59.5% work full- time
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More Changes... More divorces - 33.3% More single parent families - 1.1 million lone parent families (83% women) Increased poverty More remarriages - about 75% will experience a blended family
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Parenting 2 dimensions: Acceptance/Responsiveness - More = smile, praise, encouragement. Less = unresponsive, critical, belittle, unloving Demandingness/Control - More = demanding, controlling, stress rules. Less = few demands, allow freedom
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Parenting Styles Baumrind’s 3 typologies: Authoritarian, authoritative, permissive More recent: Uninvolved Different outcomes of each Direction of effect...
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