Lecture 1. Students

Lecture 1. Students - Lecture1:Motivationand Emotion...

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    Lecture 1: Motivation and  Emotion Topics: 1. Motivational theories 2. The Range and Diversity of Human Motives 3. Theories of Emotion
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    Motivational Theories Drive Theories Incentive Theories Evolutionary Theories
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    Drive Theories A drive is an internal state of tension that motivates an organism to engage in activities to reduce this tension when individuals experience a drive, they are motivated to pursue actions that will lead to drive- reduction Drive theories emphasize how interna l states of tension push people in certain directions Drive theories cannot explain all motivation. Motivation may exist without drive arousal.
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    Incentive theories Incentive theories propose that external stimuli regulate motivational states. An incentive is an external goal that has the capacity to motivate behavior. Incentive theories emphasize how external stimuli pull people in certain directions.
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    Brief comparison between drive and  incentive theories of motivation According to drive theories the source of motivation lies within the organism . According to incentive theories, the source of motivation lies outside the organism in the environment. Incentive models don’t operate according to the principle of homeostasis. Thus, in comparison to drive theories, incentive theories emphasize environmental factors and downplay the biological bases of human motivation.
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    Evolutionary theories Human motives are the products of evolution. Evolutionary analysis of motivation are based on the premise that motives can best be understood in terms of the adaptive problems they have solved for our hunter-gatherer ancestors.
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    The Range and Diversity of Human  Motives biological motives : originate in bodily needs (hunger, thirst, sex). People have a limited number
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course 20381 PSYC 1002 taught by Professor Marafuentes during the Summer '09 term at Carleton CA.

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Lecture 1. Students - Lecture1:Motivationand Emotion...

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