Lecture 3. Students

Lecture 3. Students - Lecture3:Personality Topic:...

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    Lecture 3: Personality Topic: Contemporary approaches and Influential theories in the study on personality.
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    Defining Personality: Consistency and  Distinctiveness Personality refers to an individual's unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits The concept of personality is used to explain: 1. The stability in a person's behavior over time and across situations (consistency) 2. The behavioral differences among people reacting to the same situation (distinctiveness)
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    Personality Traits A personality trait is a durable disposition to behave in a particular way in a variety of situations. Most approaches to personality assume that some traits are more basic than others. Basic traits that form the core of personality Cattell identified 16 basic traits The Five-Factor Model
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    Cattell´s 16 Personality Factors 1. Reserved-----------------------Outgoing 2. Less Intelligent----------------More intelligent 3. Affected by feelings---------Emotionally stable 4. Submissive--------------------Dominant 5. Serious--------------------------Happy-go-lucky 6. Expedient----------------------Conscientious 7. Timid----------------------------Venturesome 8. Tough-minded----------------Sensitive 9. Trusting------------------------Suspicious 10. Practical------------------------Imaginative 11. Forthright-----------------------Shrewd 12. Self-assured------------------Apprehensive 13. Conservative------------------Experimenting 14. Group-dependent------------Self-sufficient 15. Uncontrolled-------------------Controlled 16. Relaxed-------------------------Tense
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    The Five-Factor Model of Personality  Traits (McCrae and Costa, 1987) Most personality traits are derived from five higher order traits: 1. Extraversion 2. Neuroticism 3. Openness to experience 4. Agreeableness 5. Conscientiousness
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  The Big Five (Cont.) Extraversion Outgoing, sociable, friendly, assertive, gregarious Neuroticism Anxious, hostile, insecure, vulnerable Openness to experience Curiosity, flexibility, unconventional attitudes
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course 20381 PSYC 1002 taught by Professor Marafuentes during the Summer '09 term at Carleton CA.

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Lecture 3. Students - Lecture3:Personality Topic:...

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