Lecture 131. Learning Part I.posted

Lecture 131. Learning Part I.posted - Introduction to...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–9. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Introduction to Psychology PSYC 1001, Section E Monday, November 10, 2008 Learning, Part I (Ch. 6)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Today’s class (Objectives) Ch. 6: Learning (Part I) Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning
Background image of page 2
Learning? (Y/N) A worm is placed in a T maze. The left arm of the maze is brightly lit and dry; the right arm is dim and moist. On the first 10 trials, the worm turns right 7 times. On the next 10 trials, the worm turns right all 10 times. A previously psychotic patient is given Dr. Phil’s patented invasive surgery and no longer exhibits any psychotic behaviours. After 30 years of smoking two packs a day, Jane throws away her cigarettes and never smokes again. An infant stops sucking its thumb. After pondering a difficult word puzzle for hours, Lee finally figures it out. From that point on, he can solve all similar problems in the time it takes him to read them. Ethel stays up late the night before the October GRE administration and consumes large quantities of licit and illicit pharmacological agents. Her score is 410. The night before the December GRE administration, she goes to bed early after a wholesome dinner and a glass of milk. Her score increases to 1210. Adapted by permission from T. Rocklin , 1987, p228.
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Learning… What is it? Learning refers to the change in a subject’s behaviour to a given situation brought about (elicited) by his (her) repeated experiences in that situation, provided that the behaviour change cannot be explained on the basis of native response tendencies, maturation, or temporary states of the subject (e.g., fatigue, drugs, etc.) Hilgard and Bower, 1975, p17
Background image of page 4
Learning… What is it? Learning: A relatively durable change in behaviour, thoughts or feelings as a result of experience Much of your behaviour is the result of learning Acquisition of knowledge and skills; shapes personal habits Use past experience to predict the future Adapt to a rapidly changing environment Exert control over our environment Most organisms are capable of learning – it is not an exclusively human process Animal research: Experimental control! Many principles of learning transcend species
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Classical Conditioning Conditioning: A specific kind of learning that involves learning associations between events that occur in an organism’s environment Classical Conditioning: A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response that was originally elicited (drawn forth) by another stimulus Pavlov (early 1900s) – Sought to discover the conditions that produce learning Surreptitious discovery… Dogs will salivate in response to the sound of a tone
Background image of page 6
Pavlov’s Dogs… Meat powder Salivate
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Pavlov’s Dogs… Unconditioned Association Meat powder Salivation Unconditioned Stimulus ( UCS ) Unconditioned Response ( UCR ) Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): A stimulus that unconditionally (naturally and automatically) triggers a
Background image of page 8
Image of page 9
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course 32611 PSYC 1001 taught by Professor Darcylitteljohn during the Fall '08 term at Carleton CA.

Page1 / 54

Lecture 131. Learning Part I.posted - Introduction to...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 9. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online