09312Chpt1,2,3 - NPTD Chpt 5major points Pg 91nutrition is...

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NPTD Chpt 5—major points Pg 91—nutrition is an applied science Pg 92—research areas—epidemiology, clinical and basis/experimental Pg 93—Evidence Based Practice Note Table 1 (order of strongest to weakest) Pg 94—”translational research” seeks to link molecular/chemical findings to address human disease 1
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2 Nutrition (AMA Food and Nutrition Committee)   The  science  of food, the nutrients and other substances therein, their action,  interaction and balance in relation to  health and disease, and the  processes by which the organism  ingests, digests, absorbs,  transports,utilizes, metabolizes and  excretes nutrients. .. SN pg 4
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3 Why study nutrition? Nutrition— applied science Nutrition--part of healthy lifestyle Motivation--personal responsibility Education--nutrient content of foods Pyramid food guide/other guidelines DRI/RDA Phenotypical (gene-based) nutrition Scientific understanding of disease/nutrition links Text pg 6
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4 Diet and Life Style Physical inactivity Overeating & Obesity Kcal Fat Sugar Antioxidants Genetics Heart Disease (LDL receptor, atherosclerosis gene, hyperhomocysteinemia) Diabetes IDD—autoimmune/mito defect NIDD—insulin resist/syn X Hypertension Cancer (gene + environ) NTD (THF reductase) Alcohol Carcinogens Na/Salt Smoking n-3 FA Folic acid Phytochemicals B6, B12 Sat FA
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5 Cause of Death, % Age Adj YPLL, % Heart disease/stroke 36% (16%) Cancer 22% (20%) Lung disease 5% Accidents 4% ( 15%) Pneu/flu 3% (2%) Diabetes 3% (2%) AIDS 2% (5%) Diseases with little connection to diet Diseases with some link to diet Alzheimer 2%, kidney 2%, blood infection 1% Text pg 7
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6 Healthy People 2010 Nutrition and Fitness goals Increase % @ healthy wt from 39 60% Increase % eating 2+ fruit/d 28 75% Increase %eating 3+ veggies/d 3 50% Increase % eating 6+ grains/d 7 Increase % with < 30(10) EN% total (sat) fat 30 Increase % meeting Ca RDA 46 75% Increase % < 2400 mg Na per day 21 65% Reduce iron deficiency anemia from 10 6% ++Many other objectives focusing on physical activity (increase % w/ 30 min/d from 15-30% , health care, nutrition education Text pg 10
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7 General functions **energy derivation **growth and development **regulation & catalysis See Text pg 7-12 Essential Nutrients o Macronutrients o Carbohydrate (glucose), fiber? o Protein (9 essential amino acids**) o Fat (n6 & n3 fatty acids) o Vitamins o Fat Soluble (A, D, E, K) o Water Soluble (thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, biotin, pantothenic acid, folic acid, B6, B12, vit C) plus choline o Minerals o 7Macro (Ca, P,Na, K, S, Cl, Mg) o 9 Micro/Trace (Fe, Se, Zn, Mn, Cu, Mo, I, Cr, F? o Co as B12 makes 10 o 6 Less Studied Va, Ni, Si, B, As o Water ** Histidine, Isoleucine, leucine, lysine methionine phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan, valine Text pg 10
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8 1998 D ietary R eference I ntakes RDA AI= EAR + 2sd Est Av Req (EAR) meets average needs Upper Intake Level (UL) New paradigm Formulated by IOM in 1997-2001 Focus: aging, degenerative disease Add age groups: 51-70 and +70
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course ACC 02320 taught by Professor Devidal during the Spring '09 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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09312Chpt1,2,3 - NPTD Chpt 5major points Pg 91nutrition is...

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