phil - Zahid1 Ahsan Zahid James Griffith Philosophy/...

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Zahid 1 Ahsan Zahid James Griffith Philosophy/ Managment 29 September 2009 Agriculture Paper To Be a Farmer “The great men among the ancients understood very well how to reconcile manual labour with affairs of state, and thought it no lessening to their dignity to make the one the recreation to the other. That indeed which seems most generally to have employed and diverted their spare hours, was agriculture” 1 . John Locke who is one of the 17 th century’s biggest philosophers, physicians and thinkers laid emphasis on the importance of agriculture and labor in the society. The period from 17 th century to the end of 19 th century saw a massive increase in productivity and net output of farming in England, thus this era was also called the British Agriculture Revolution 2 . So, the significance of farming during this period of time was on the increase. During 18 th century Scottish philosopher Adam Smith emphasized on the importance of farming during this era, as he claimed “Were it possible to turn all at once the whole farming stock of the 1 Garofalo, Michael, “ Work, Labor, Effort, Sweat, Practice,” Gardener’s Journal 159 (2000), 2 Overton, Mark, “Agricultural revolution in England 1500-1850,” British History in Depth 2 (2009),
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Zahid 2 kingdom to its proper business” 3 (pg 111). He believed in laboring the land for the benefit of the farmer and the state. Both of these economists came up with the theories of how an individual can become a farmer but they also imposed limitations on farming. According to John Locke, “Men, being once born, have a right to their preservation, and consequently to meat and drink” 4 (pg 18). This quotation of John Locke lays the emphasis on the importance of self preservation in the society for which he claims water and meat are essential components. For the survival of human race these two components are extremely important, and these two things are achievable by the means of farming and agriculture. Land or property is required to start the growth of the essential components like food and water. John Locke strongly believes in the existence of God and says, “God, who hath given the world to men in common, hath also given them reason to make use of it to the best advantage of life, and convenience.” 5 (pg 18). He believed God made this world for all men to take advantage of, for their own good and for the good of others. Then John Locke says, “Labor that removes it out of
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This note was uploaded on 04/04/2010 for the course PHIL phil301 taught by Professor Abdullah during the Spring '10 term at Abu Dhabi University.

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phil - Zahid1 Ahsan Zahid James Griffith Philosophy/...

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