WK4ASSIGN1DYASJ (2).docx - Structural Family Therapy and...

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Structural Family Therapy and Strategic Family TherapyWalden UniversityNURS 6650: Psychotherapy with Groups and FamiliesJennifer Dyas03/22/2020
Structural and Strategic Family Therapy are amongst many different theories and modules that can be used in the treatment of families while in therapy. Although both different theories go about change within the family through different approaches, they both have the same goal which is to change how the family functions. In doing so, many therapists will state that they favor one theory over the other and will also tend to use one more than the other due to comfort and knowledge, however it is important that all therapists make themselves skilled in multiple different theories and modules and be open minded about the pros and cons of each. Through this multi-educational learning and utilization, atherapist can offer a wider variety of treatment and integrate different theories and models when needed, structuring and tailoring the treatment to the individual or in this case the family. In most basic terms the more proficient in different types of therapy modules the more individualized care that can be given to individuals and families and therefore a greater chance for a positive outcome may be rendered.Structural Family Therapy was designed and developed by Salvador Minuchin in the 1960’s. Through this model one looks at family relationships, behaviors and patterns as they are exhibited and portrayed within the therapy session in order to effectively evaluate the family and its structure. Strategic Family Therapy, on the other hand evaluates family processes and functions by evaluating behaviors that are present outside of the family sessions. (Szapocznik et al, 2015) Communication and problem-solving techniques are among those evaluated and examined within strategic family therapy. Instructural family therapy role play is an integral part of therapy whereas reframing and redefining problem scenarios are key aspects of therapy in the strategic model. Both techniques defined above have strengths and weaknesses when used in therapeutic setting, therefore one can benefit significantly from using an integrated approach to therapy (Szapocznik et al, 2015).

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