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Normative Ethics - o Treat people as equals o Promote the...

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Normative Ethics HUMANITIES NOTES: November 18, 2009 Normative Ethics: more practical in application, it tries to arrive at moral standars that regulate right and wrong conduct o Arriving at a moral standard may involve articulating the good habis that we SHOULD acquire, the duties that we SHOULD follow, or the consequences of our behavior on others DUTY THEORIES: Many people feel that humans have clear obligations Duty theories base morality on SPECIFIC and FOUNDATIONAL principles of obligation These theories are also known as deontological given the foundational nature of our duty or obligation Also sometimes called non-consequentialist since these principles are obligatory NO MATTER WHAT He argued that our duties towards others can be divided between absolute duties (which are universally binding on people) and conditional duties (which are the result of contracts between people) Absolute duties are of three sorts o Avoid wronging others
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Unformatted text preview: o Treat people as equals o Promote the god of others • Conditional duties involve various types of agreements – the principal one is the duty is to keep one’s promises Second theory grounds itself in rights Third duty-based theory emphasizes a single peinciple of duty Kant is the principle proponent Kant agreed with Pufendorf that we have moral duties to oneself and others, BUT Kant argued that there is a more foundational principle of duty that encompasses our particular duties the “categorical imperative” • Fidelity: the duty to keep promises • Reparation: the duty to compensate others when we harm them • Gratitude: the duty to thank those who help us • Justice: the duty to recognize merit • Beneficence: the duty to improve the conditions of others • Self-improvement: the duty to improve our virtue and intelligence • Non-maleficence: the duty not to injure others...
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