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Unformatted text preview: be difficult to overcome in the future.
In our government-centric model, we propose that government action is the only determinant of
outcomes experienced in the system (Figure 4). This captures a case in which, after the
government judges the situation as critical and decides to embark on a course of action believed
to be a solution, government intervention alone, without interaction with the public, can deal with
the problem. For example, suppose the government receives information cues related to the
possible strike of a hurricane in an area that is believed to be at risk of flooding if that were to
occur. In addition, suppose the government has access to information that leads it to believe that a
massive mobilization of the people living in that area is not warranted if adequate precautionary
measures are taken. The measures believed to be necessary include reinforcement of levees,
additional pumping mechanisms at strategic points in waterways leading to that geographic area,
and other precautionary measures. As a result of this judgment of the situation, the government
deploys resources and actions within full control of the government and takes care of the
situation. As a result, the outcome experienced is that the atmospheric event passed through the
geographical area without causing any damage or inconveniencing the population. The basic
problem of causal attribution remains, however, but the government assumes that its intervention
was successful and that the outcome experienced was a result of the intervention.
In our model, after the government action is taken and the outcome is experienced, we propose
that an important process develops: the perception of outcomes. In this initial model, we say that
the perception of the outcome experienced is solely a function of the actual outcome and that this
perception of outcome allows the government to adjust its decision threshold for future action.
The government decision threshold represents the level at which a given situation is determined
to be a problem that warra...
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