It is conceivable that under conditions of perfect

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Unformatted text preview: t ever forget any perceived outcome. It is conceivable that, under conditions of perfect memory (nothing is forgotten over time), the value of new information related to perceived outcomes decreases, since one individual outcome is so small when compared with an accumulation of outcomes. On the other hand, under conditions of no memory whatsoever (i.e., some kind of amnesia), the information used to determine the level of decision threshold would be the immediate information exclusively, creating a potentially unstable system (reactive only to current outcomes). Depending on cultural and educational elements, it could be assumed that in general, the government will have a larger accumulated memory of outcomes than the public will, since the government most likely has institutional support for maintaining a database of perceived outcomes and more resources than the public has for retrieving, analyzing, and using relevant information. The memory of perceived outcomes also partially determines the perception of outcomes, since it provides a path for identifying and interpreting outcomes over time. Loop L5p and L5g reveal that the process of perception not only is a function of actual outcomes but also is influenced by the existence of prior memory of outcomes. According to cognitive psychologists, a chunk of memory is “a collection of elements that are strongly associated with one another but are weakly associated with elements in other chunks” (Goldstein, 2005, p. 157). Memory of outcomes provides chunks that allow retrieval of information and identification of new information, which influence the type of outcomes that are perceived over time. This feedback loop (L5p and L5p) creates a reinforcing pattern, since perceived outcomes feed memory, which, in turn, provides a framework for further the identification of relevant information related to outcomes. Perceived outcomes, over time, influence the level of expectations of outcomes through a process identified in the sociological literature as normalization of deviance (Rasmussen, 1997; Sterman, 1994; Vaughan, 1996, 1998, 1999) and in the dynamic modeling literature as slidi...
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2010 for the course POL 3232 taught by Professor What during the Spring '10 term at Accreditation Commission for Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine.

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