Universals of Interpersonal

Universals of Interpersonal - Universals of Interpersonal...

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Universals of Interpersonal. .. Reviewing This chapter introduced interpersonal communication, its elements, and some of its axioms or basic principles. Nature of Interpersonal Communication What is interpersonal communication? At what point does communication become interpersonal? Interpersonal communication is communication between two or more connected individuals that involves dyadic primacy (the two-person unit is of central importance), dyadic coalitions (two-person groups form even in larger groups), and dyadic consciousness (the two persons think of themselves as a pair). Interpersonal communication can take place and interpersonal relationships can develop from face-to-face interactions as well as those you have on the Internet. Interpersonal communication serves a variety of purposes. It enables you to learn, relate, influence, play, and help. Elements of Interpersonal Communication What are the essential elements of interpersonal communication? Source-receiver is the person who sends and receives interpersonal messages simultaneously. Encoding-decoding refers to the act of putting meaning into verbal and nonverbal messages and deriving meaning from the messages you receive from others. Competence is the knowledge of and ability to use effectively your own communication system. Messages are the signals that serve as stimuli for a receiver; metamessages are messages that refer to other messages. o Feedback messages are messages that are sent back by the receiver to the source in response to other messages. o Feedforward messages are messages that preface other messages and ask that the listener approach future messages in a certain way. o Messages can quickly overload the channels, making meaningful interaction impossible. Channels are the media through which messages pass and which act as a bridge between source and receiver, for example, the vocal-auditory channel used in speaking or the cutaneous-tactile channel used in touch. Noise is the inevitable physical, physiological, psychological, and semantic interference that distorts a message. Context is the physical, social-psychological, temporal, and cultural environment in which communication takes place. Ethics is the moral dimension of communication, the study of what makes behavior moral or good as opposed to immoral and bad. Axioms of Interpersonal Communication What general principles help explain what interpersonal communication is and how it works? Interpersonal communication is grounded in theory and research. o The theories of interpersonal communication are the organized generalizations about interpersonal communication and the evidence bearing on them. o
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Universals of Interpersonal - Universals of Interpersonal...

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