psychology exam 3

psychology exam 3 - Learning, Chapter 6 1. What is...

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Learning, Chapter 6 1. What is learning? L EARNING - A RELATIVELY PERMANENT CHANGE BROUGHT ON BY EXPERIENCE , OR THE POTENTIAL TO MAKE A CHANGE IN BEHAVIOR . - BEHAVIOR ONLY LOOKS AT A STIMULUS / RESPONSE RELATIONSHIP . 2. What does a behaviorist believe? A radical behaviorist? B EHAVIORALISTS - ONLY THINK ABOUT WHY THINGS HAPPEN . R ADICAL BEHAVIORALISTS - LOOK AT HOW THINGS HAPPEN AND WHY YOU RESPOND . ( NO THOUGHT OR WORRY ABOUT IT ) 3. Be able to describe classical conditioning and identify examples of learning through classical conditioning? A. C LASSICAL C ONDITIONING ( PAVLOV ) - MOSTLY VISCERAL ( INTERNAL ORGANS ) HAS A CS WITHOUT A UCS. 4. Who discovered classical conditioning? Be able to describe his famous experiment. --Pavlov, - NOBEL PRIZE IN 1904. - PAVLOV S DOG SET UP TO A CONTRAPTION FOR SALIVARY GLANDS AND WHEN THE ASSISTANT COMES IN THE DOG BEGINS TO SALIVATE . 5. What do these terms mean: UCS, UCR, CS, and CR? UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS ------- NATURALLY ELICITS THE ------- UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE - PAIRED WITH -… CONDITIONED STIMULUS --------- COMES TO ELICIT THE -------- CONDITIONED RESPONSE -- UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS IS UNLEARNED / NATURAL . T OP ROW : UNLEARNED AND NATURAL . EX : SHOW FOOD AND THE DOG SALIVATES 2 ND ROW : NOT RELATED TO UNLEARNED . EX : RING A BELL & SHOW FOOD AND DOG SALIVATES . **UR IS THE SAME AS THE CR! !!** EX : SALIVATING DOG ** THE FIRST TIME YOU SHOW A CONDITIONED STIMULUS …. NOTHING HAPPENS! ( IT IS NEUTRAL ) I . E . THE BELL RINGING THE BELL MEANS NOTHING TO THE DOG ABOUT FOOD , UNTIL REPEATEDLY , THE DOG SEES FOOD AFTER THE BELL WAS RANG . 6. What is higher order conditioning? Be able to recognize an example. ** HIGHER ORDER CONDITIONING ** - A CONDITIONED STIMULUS CAN BE SO LEARNED IN OUR BRAIN THAT IT BECOMES UNCONDITIONED . -- ONE CAN DEVELOP A PHOBIA THROUGH CLASSICAL CONDITIONING VERY EASILY . 7. Which temporal sequence of acquiring the CS-UCS relationship works the best? 1. A CQUISITION - WHERE THE LEARNING OCCURS ( CS WITH UCS ) - DELAYED CONDITIONING -- CS MUST HAPPEN FIRST DIRECTLY FOLLOWED BY UCS . ( VERY EFFECTIVE )— BEST !!!! 8. What other factors may affect acquisition? - TRACE CONDITIONING CS COMES FIRST , THEN THERE IS A BREAK , THEN THE UCS .
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( SOMEWHAT EFFECTIVE ) - SIMULTANEOUS CONDITIONING CS AND UCS HAPPEN AT THE SAME TIME . NOT VERY EFFECTIVE ! - BACKWARDS CONDITIONING UCS THEN THE CS . A. SEQUENCING B. REALLY STRONG UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS ( ONLY NEEDED ONE TIME ) C. REPEATING PAIRING OF CS AND UCS ( IF NOT STRONG ) 9. What is extinction and how is it accomplished? What is spontaneous recovery? 2. E XTINCTION - THE WAY WE UNLEARN SOMETHING BY DROPPING OUT THE UCS . 3. S
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psychology exam 3 - Learning, Chapter 6 1. What is...

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