Session 02 - Machine Theories Fall 2009

Session 02 - Machine Theories Fall 2009 - IOE 421 Work...

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IOE 421 Work Organizations IOE 421 Work Organizations Session 02 Machine Theories of Organization September 11, 2009
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Our Content Today Turn in Student Biographies Your Questions Regarding Course / Syllabus Evolution of Organizational Theory and Design View Video: Modern Times (Chaplin) Class Discussion on Video Lecture on Machine Theory / Scientific Management Next Class Assignments View Video: An Alternative View of Scientific Management (MPFC)
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Evolution of Organization Theory and Design Why a Historical Discussion? Historical perspectives provide insight into how organization design and management practices have varied over time in response to changes in society. “You have to know the past to understand the present” Dr. Carl Sagan 0
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Video: “Modern Times” (Chaplin) Setting the Stage
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Machine Theories of Organization Workers seen as extensions of machines Labor perceived as expendable, replaceable parts Maximum task breakdown, allowing for simple, narrow jobs. Workers work, while Managers manage Vertically integrated organizations Frequent competition between individual and organization, gamesmanship Organization goals and objectives focus of all efforts
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Evolution to Machine Theories Pre-Industrial Revolution (Prior to mid 1700s) Craft Guilds and Domestic System of Production Mercantilism Small markets, small organizations, small production systems First Industrial Revolution (mid 1700s - mid 1800s) Growth of New England textile mills Adam Smith (Division of Labor, Capitalism) Larger markets, beginning of integrated organizations Second Industrial Revolution (mid 1800s - early 1900s) Vertically integrated organizations Interchangeable parts for complex machinery
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IOE 421 Work Organizations Evolution to Machine Theories Role of Railroads in Organization Theory (1800s) America’s first big business – large scale management hierarchies and modern accounting systems were needed for first time Rapid construction created large market for mass-produced products such as iron rails, wheels, spikes Connected the country, creating mass markets, easy
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Session 02 - Machine Theories Fall 2009 - IOE 421 Work...

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