vote - Constitutional Law II VotingRights...

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Constitutional Law II Voting Rights
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 2 EP Fundamental Rights Discrimination relating to the exercise of an  EP fund. right can trigger strict scrutiny  How discrimination occurs with fund. Rights A class of people denied right If everyone denied, not an EP problem; but SDP Unequal allocation of the right Some folks get more of it than others do Burden on exercise of right produces disparate  impact in enjoyment Right can be exercised, but at a price not everyone  can pay
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 3 EP Fundamental Rights Discrimination relating to the exercise of an  EP fund. right can trigger strict scrutiny  How discrimination occurs with  voting rights A class of people denied right Blacks, women, aliens denied the right to vote Unequal allocation of the right Some people’s vote counts more than others Burden on exercise Poll tax, literacy test
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 4 EP Fundamental Rights How to find EP fund rights SDP fund rights automatically protected by EP Non-SDP fund rights  can be can be  EP fund rights Similar interpretive methodologies used as in SDP Unlikely that textualism would result in EP right but not  SDP right Court is marginally more generous with EP than  SDP State has wider range of options to comply
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 5 Express Right to Vote provisions Original Constitution Art. I, § 2: Electors for House of Rep same as  for State Legislature Art. I, § 4: “The Times, Places and Manner of  holding Elections for Senators and Reps. shall  be prescribed in each State by the Legislature ” Art. II, § 2: “Each State shall appoint, in such  Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a  Number of Electors [for President & VP]”
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 6 Express Right to Vote provisions Amended Constitution 12 th  (1804): Meeting of Electors for President 15 th  (1870): “The right of citizens of the US to  vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US  or by any State on account of race, color, or  previous condition of servitude” 17  (1913):  Senators “from each State [shall  be] elected by the people thereof” 19 th  (1920): “The right of citizens of the US to  vote shall not be denied or abridged by the US  or by any State on account of sex.”
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 7 Express Right to Vote provisions Amended Constitution 24 th  (1964): “The right of citizens of the US to  vote [in federal elections] shall not be denied or  abridged by the US or any State by reason of  failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.” 26 th
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2010 for the course LAW LAW5502 taught by Professor Stern during the Spring '10 term at Florida State College.

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vote - Constitutional Law II VotingRights...

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