tpm - Constitutional Law II Time,Place&Manner...

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Constitutional Law II Time, Place & Manner
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 2 Framework for Analysis Some places are inappropriate for  public  speech  Courts, gov’t bldgs, schools, military bases Only gov’t speech, and invited speech there Some places are appropriate for some  types of public speech, but not others Universities, convention centers, arenas Some places are appropriate for all types of  public speech Streets, parks, gathering places
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 3 Framework for Analysis Some places are inappropriate for  public  speech Courts, gov’t bldgs, schools, military bases Only gov’t speech, and invited speech there Some places are appropriate for some  types of public speech, but not others Universities, convention centers Some places are appropriate for all types of  public speech Streets, parks, gathering places Non-public forums Limited public forums Traditional public forums
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 4 Public Forum Doctrine Right of  speech access speech access Public Property Traditional public forum Limited public forum Non-public forum Private property Restrictions on speech Required speech access Time, Place, Manner reg’n TP&M + subjec-matter reg’n No right of speech access Time, Place, Manner reg’n Takings, Forced Speech
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 5 Early cases: speech in public places Massachusetts v. Davis  (1895)  [ Lochner  era] Gov’t can deny speech access to public place Same as private denial of access on private property Hague v. C.I.O   (1939)  [New Deal] Trust/fiduciary relationship to citizens “streets and parks . . have immemorially been held in  trust for the use of the public” Speech traditionally occurs in public places “time out of mind, [streets & parks] have been used  for purposes of assembly, communicating  thoughts . . and discussing public questions.” Traditional  public forum
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 6 Frisby v. Shultz   (1988) Ban on picketing around private homes Right of speech access to private property?   No Right of speech access to public property?   Yes If traditional public forum Even there, subject to reasonable  TIME, PLACE &  TIME, PLACE &  MANNER MANNER regulation Picketing is classic case of mixed speech/conduct State can regulate the conduct (subject to minimal review), So long as not restricting speech any more than necessary Regulation of speech component subject to SS Example: exception for labor picketing How do you  know which  is being  regulated?   Speech or  non-speech?
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 7 Time, Place & Manner Is restriction  speech  or  non-speech ?
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tpm - Constitutional Law II Time,Place&Manner...

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