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f06review - Constitutional Law II FinalExamReview...

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Constitutional Law II Final Exam Review
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 2 Issue Spotting For years, every child born in Cascade (one of the  50 States) has been tested for birth defects and  childhood diseases.  New advances in genetic  testing have made it possible to predict, with a fair  degree of certainty, a person’s likelihood of  developing certain diseases later in life.  As a result,  Cascade now requires hospitals in the state to take  a DNA sample of each newborn baby, and to retain  the sample permanently.  state action Privacy Dynamic  interpretation? Taking Incorporation Substantive  due process bodily autonomy
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 3 Issue Spotting The samples are used not only for research and  diagnostic purposes, but are also available to law  enforcement agencies, insurance companies, and  employers.  Law enforcement uses the DNA  samples for crime investigation.  Insurance  companies use the genetic information to determine  life and health insurance rates.  Employers use the  information to screen potential employees.   Cascade says that making this information available  helps promote public health and safety and the state  economy.  State  action? State  interests Criminal  search? Disclosure of  private info Means
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 4 Issue Spotting Alice is pregnant and will deliver next month, but  objects to the taking of a DNA sample from her  baby.  She believes the information can be used to  discriminate against her child and against her (since  once you know a person’s DNA, you also know their  parents’).  Parent asserting her  child’s claims Equal  Protection nature of  relief Personal autonomy 5 th  Amd property
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 5 Issue Spotting Alice has good cause for concern.  She is of African  descent, but passes as White, and lists herself as  White on insurance and employment forms.  It is  well known that many insurance companies charge  higher rates to African-Americans because they are  thought to have higher incidences of certain  diseases.  Alice is convinced that once her baby’s  DNA is taken and analyzed, both she and her child  will be subject to discrimination.   Race  discrimination Purposeful  discrimination
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 6 Call of the Question What claims should Alice bring if she wants to  challenge the law? Will she win?  Substantive Due Process Equal Protection State Action (Defendants) Relief sought
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 7 Issue Organizing For years, every child born in Cascade (one of the 50 States) has been tested for birth  defects and childhood diseases.  New advances in genetic testing have made it 
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