alienage(2) - Constitutional Law II AlienageDiscrimination

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Constitutional Law II Alienage Discrimination
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 2 Types of Alienage Discrimination National Origin Lawfully admitted aliens Undocumented (“illegal”) aliens EP clause protects “any person  within [a state’s] jurisidiction” Does “person” include aliens?
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 3 Types of Alienage National Origin Lawfully admitted aliens Who is discriminating State/local government Congress Federal agency
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 4 Types of Alienage National Origin Lawfully admitted aliens Who is discriminating State/local government Federal agency Undocumented aliens Immigration issues Congress State/local government Services, employment
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 5 Graham v. Richardson   (1971) Welfare classification Citizens/long-term resident aliens (benefited) Short-term resident aliens (burdened) ENDS Conservation of state’s limited fiscal resources Who might the state exclude from benefits? Citizens of other states Short-term state citizens Legal aliens Illegal aliens What standard of  review applies, and  why?
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 6 Aliens as a Suspect Class Indicia of Suspectness History of purposeful discrimination Political powerlessness Immutable trait Similarly situated (discrimination is unfair)
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 7 Graham v. Richardson   (1971) ENDS Scrutiny Is conservation of a state’s limited fiscal an  adequate state interest? MEANS Scrutiny Aren’t aliens a special class, undeserving of  sharing in state’s largesse? Are they members of the economic community? Are they members of the political community? Yes No
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Fall 2006 Con Law II 8 Other Disabilities on Aliens Sugarman v. Dougall  (1973) NY law excluding aliens from civil service In re Griffiths  (1973) State law excluding aliens from law practice
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alienage(2) - Constitutional Law II AlienageDiscrimination

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