SUPERNOTES - Realism Background info 1865 Civil War Ends...

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Realism Background info 1865 Civil War Ends 1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe published 13th amendment -abolishing slavery Industrialism is spreading Naturalism: 1893 first publication of Maggie. 1897 published the Open Boat By now starting with the end of the civil war and after the US is the most heavily industrialized nation Bartleby=assembly line work Now=machines replace people Era in which giant corporation are beginning to be formed Immigrants flock to the cities in huge numbers. Industrialized and urbanized Lower classes being to find a way to show their voice with voting. New political groups emerge - also political corruption Economic power remains in hands of the few and fortunes are enlightened Twain's term "Gilded Age" Great progress but with continual decline Naturalism in an outgrowth of realism Pony express, telephone, the uniting of the states by the transcontinental railroad. American becomes mobile and accessible. Vast unknown regions are becoming slimmer. The frontier is shutting down and there is a notion to head "west" and "strike it rich" End of the century was the development of the car From 1870-78 the total population of the US doubles in size More than 1/3 of pop in cities is foreign born 1883 Ladies home journals is founded and women are coming out (because they are reading more often. Dickenson's poetry in published NY replaces Boston as the literacy capital of the world Henry James- Male, genteel Realism Some characteristics This literary movement deals with recognizable people, or types, in a recognizable setting It deals with manners rather than deep philosophical questions Characters in a realist story generally know what happiness consists of, and are able -to varying degrees-to achieve it Very often purely realist stories or novels turn on the question of marriage or he society's "rules" these characters know what, or learn, what those "rules" are Realism deals with a reasonable, non-theological morality [by "reasonable" here I mean, what if the story "The Other Two " had ended with Waythron, fed up with this
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wife, who is presented one time from his perspective in a sexist, perverse way as "an old shoe, which too many fee had worn" had had a fit of a pique at the end when all the husbands are in the room, and stormed out, etc] Thursday, February 18, 2010 1:08 PM Mary Wilkins Freeman Someone who remained as a spinster Didn't get married until middle age- "old maid" Writer of realism Life marriage in middle life The protagonist in the New England Nun, Louisa Ellis, is not married-- also "old maid" New England Nun She sews because she enjoys it. . Sometimes even rips out a seam so that she can re-sew it. Artist of her own domesticity Details of herself Louie Ellis is completely neurotic or this is strategic, perfectly healthy response to a life she has built for 15 years Enjoys her own company. . Uses china for herself.
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SUPERNOTES - Realism Background info 1865 Civil War Ends...

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