Feburary 18 - February18 Realism

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February 18 Realism - 1865: Civil War ends (no other more purposeful event) - 1852: Uncle Tom’s Cabin written - 13 th  amendment finally adopted  Stephen Crane  – Naturalism (outgrowth of Realism) - 1893: 1 st  publication of Maggie Girl of the Streets - 1897: published something else (Open Boat ) Industrial Revolution   de-humanizing machines - Era at which giant corporations are formed - People start flocking to cities (urbanized need to go to city to find work) - Lower classes (Ideal democracy – ‘classless’ democracy) o Start showing their voices (voting) - Political groups emerge along with political corruption o Increase in urban crime, economic power still in hands of the few ** Adventures of Huck Finn - Nothing like it, one of the great American novels Mark Twain  – the Guilded Age - Wealth and poverty, optimism and gloom, opposite spectrums  Henry Adams - America is flamboyant green and power ** Pony Express (increase/popularity), telegraph cable from Europe to America (connect  to Old New), telephone, railroads (uniting states) – expanding employment, America is  increasingly mobile, steam engine = vast unknown regions are becoming slimmer (no  frontier)
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- Notion of ‘heading west’ to discover gold - Petroleum Industry increase, with the invention of a car 1870- 1878: US population doubles in sizes - Immigration after Civil War increases, 1/3 rd  of population of people in cities  are immigrants - Women are stil dominant culture force (buy everything) - 1883: women’s journal founded o Dickinson’s poetry published during this time - NY replaces Boston as a literary center  Twaine and others: middle class with some education ** Henry James/Thoron: gentile writers Realism: -  (1) literary movement deals with recognizable people, or types in a  recognizable setting - (2) deals with  manners rather than deep philosophical questions - (3) characters in a realist story knows what happiness consists of are trying  to achieve it - (4) purely realist stories turn on question of marriage or society’s ‘rules’ = 
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2010 for the course ENG 316K taught by Professor Kruppa during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Feburary 18 - February18 Realism

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