Exam 1 Notes - January21 PuritanPeriod...

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January 21 Puritan Period - First recorded voice in American literature - 1620 first established work that would become the American voice - Mayflower landed in November 1620 - Well spoken people and blind faith in God o Women were not allowed to be educated, read in private o Money makers o Many of the women died in childbirth and the man would marry again - Early 16 th  century: John Calvin created a holy city in Geneva, Switzerland o Create a new kind of religion that was more inclusive o Hated Roman Catholicism because it was so powerful  Puritans ended up splitting from early Protestant learning    Calvanists Separatists (separate from anything that came before –  geographically separate themselves from religious persecution in  Europe)  Earlier reformation by Martin Luther was not enough for the people It didn’t expunge enough of the new set of religious beliefs o Shelter to those in religious persecution  Puritans don’t look favorably to other religions  o Pre-destination: God chooses his own elite o Bible replaced the priest in the ordinary man
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Priest: was the mortal man so what was the big deal where the  priest had to forgive you? Later got accused by the church elders: and they would act in a  superior heirarchy-type  Everything that you wanted to find was through the Bible  John Calvin/Martin Luther began to grow ideas exponentially to the  Church of England  - Puritans wanted to purify their church of any Roman-Catholic influence  o Old World: Western Europe o New World: America o Get rid of required forms of prayer, get rid of relics (rosary  beads/Mother Mary), decorative clothing, and all other things that cost  a lot of money (crowns/smoking sectors/stained glass/choirs, bells,  organ music = “Artifacts of the Devil”) o Meeting house: where they would go for religious services and to  marry/buried/baptized, all the kinds of things that they did in their  lives Square with 1 simple steeple (rising to God), not a lot of stained  glass    - Geneva Bible: taught how to live/die, medical, how to run businesses,  preaching/prayers etc. o This pattern of religious reform was their lifestyle and influenced every  aspect of these people’s lives  o William Bradford: ‘a howling wilderness’ Metaphor for the new world: literally is a wilderness and howling  with wild animals with the Native American savages Figuratively: the Devil with howling temptations with the  spiritually wildnerness: had not been Christianized  Come to America and say if you do not do as we do, this is not your  place, although they were the one’s coming in
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This note was uploaded on 04/05/2010 for the course ENG 316K taught by Professor Kruppa during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Exam 1 Notes - January21 PuritanPeriod...

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