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Exam 1 Super Notes - AMERICANLITERATURE E316K Test1...

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AMERICAN LITERATURE  E316K   Test 1  THE PURITANS : ( aka Separatists, Roundheads, Calvinists, and Pilgrims)  *Puritans- the first recorded/heard voice in American Literature We’re starting in 1620 because that’s the first work of American Literary voice. Know this Date-  November 1620- when Mayflower landed in blistering winter.  This is the 17 th  century (compared with other European literature, America is a  very new country). Characteristics of the Puritans:  The puritans were selfish, mercantilists and smart.  They were educated; women weren’t allowed to be but educated themselves in  private. They had a blind faith in God and were money makers, industrious. A  number of women died in child birth, and then the men would marry again.  Other Puritan Views-  “A Puritan is a Puritan all the Time”.  Their church was  named a “meeting house” and resembled shacks to keep the simplicity and not  resemble the Catholic Church. (Organs and instruments were “artifacts of the  devil” to them)  The “meeting house” was central to their everyday lives such as funerals,  marriages, Baptisms, etc.)  The Puritan Bible guided the Puritans through their day-to-day activities.   The meeting houses are just a square with a steeple symbolically rising up  towards God. John Calvin:  Other than establishing a church, John Calvin believed in the feeling  of importance through “predestination”. (The idea that God chooses his own  elect) John Calvin believed that the Bible replaced the priest for the common  man. The priest is a mortal man as well, so why would he hold the power to  forgive? Calvinists were  individualists-  your relationship is between yourself and  God.  Important Events Between 1509-1564:  (early 16 th  century:date not important):  John Calvin created in Geneva, Switzerland a holy city that gave refuge to  persecuted people. (Ironically Puritans end up with a no tolerance policy  towards other religions and they fail to practice what they preach)  Puritans despised Roman Catholicism, so they separated themselves from  the church (hence the name Separatists) Puritans sought to purify their  church by eliminating Catholics. (Catholic rituals, the Veneration of relics,  Virgin Mary, decorative vestments)
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Henry the VIII established a religion more extreme than Catholicism, so he  could kill wives and marry new ones.   The Early Reformation:  First Michael Luther believed they were chosen by God.  So they split off.  It was John Calvin who grew these ideas in England…the 
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