Govt 310L Notes Exam 3

Govt 310L Notes Exam 3 - 22:58:00 Presidential Power and...

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07/04/2010 22:58:00 Presidential Power and Authority Presidential Constituencies-only person who truly has a national constituency; also has Partisan constituency and is accountable to them; accountable to members of congress and other politician’s in his party Partisan Support in Congress-When there are Republican Presidents, he gets much more support from Republicans; the reverse for democrats o Divided government o Separate Institutions Sharing Power The Power to Inform and Persuade-most important powers of the president, informal powers, State of the Union Address; Persuasion-largest power president has o Bully Pulpit o Neustadt: Power to Persuade President needs congress to get anything done and he has to persuade congress that _____ is in the best interest of the country ex. Truman-I sit here all day trying to persuade people to do what they should already have enough sense to do. o Related concept: “Going Public” (Kernell)-president has a lot of influence because a lot of attention is given to him: media attention; it is difficult for members of congress to get any sort of attention; president can go public and persuade public to influence congress, done in state of the union addresss The Veto Power- most important formal power the president has, in constitution, congress can override a veto by 2/3 vote in each house, more of a negative power than a positive power, he can’t formally push a bill towards being passed-formally he can only turn down policies, president can only sign the whole bill or veto the whole bill o Pocket Veto-occurs when congress is not in session, president can refuse to sign it and the bill goes away; but if congress is in session, if the president doesn’t sign it by a certain time, it becomes policy anyway o Line item veto-president doesn’t have it, 43 governors have it, can veto parts of bill and sign the whole bill, applicable to spending (appropriation) struck down by Supreme Court in 1998 unconstitutional because it changes the law making process, constitutional amendments should be used instead, you have to amend the constitution before you can allow presidents to veto by line
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The Appointment Power-president is checked by senate approval/disapproval, president can appoint supreme court justices (appointed for life), ambassadors The Power to Recommend-president can make recommendations to congress and try to take the lead in setting the agenda, usually done in the beginning of the presidency; few speeches from presidents early in the nation’s history, now hundreds of speeches given by presidents, now presidents give more than one speech per day; presidents start out with great approval (honeymoon period) and it generally declines The President as Chief of State-when national leaders come and visit the US, they meet the president; symbolic role; negotiates treaties with other countries-checked by 2/3 majority in senate: what type of treaty will the senate approve?; first lady will
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Govt 310L Notes Exam 3 - 22:58:00 Presidential Power and...

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