CULTURAL DIVERSITY FINAL
1. In America, ethnocentrism and race play very large parts in our culture and diversity.
Ethnocentrism is the view that one culture is better or stronger than another due to it’s
members and their accomplishments. Race is a separate idea that classifies humans based
on several factors, including skin color, genetic traits and cultural identification. These
cultural ideas are crucial in understanding the cultural and racial differences in America.
Stone Mountain Park and the holiday Kwanzaa were both covered in the telecourse, and
both have interesting ties to the ideas of ethnocentrism and race.
Kwanzaa, for all intents and purposes, is a made up holiday. During the black
power movement, Ron Karenga developed this holiday, dedicated solely to cultural and
ethnic support of Africans. The holiday had no bearings in religion, but was celebrated
around the time of Christmas and Hanukah. Karenga stated he started this holiday in
order to celebrate what he called the “seven principles of Kwanzaa”, including unity,
self-determination, responsibility, cooperative economics, purpose, creativity and faith.
These principles, and effectively, the holiday, allowed blacks to celebrate and take pride
in their heritage, which was a form of ethnocentrism. Unlike the history of Stone
Mountain Park, however, this ethnocentrism was good in that it allowed blacks to
transcend the social unrest of the time and be proud of their history.
Stone Mountain Park is a large, exposed rock in Georgia. It is best known for it’s
large relief carving of leaders of the Confederacy, and as a meeting place for the Ku Klux
Klan. The Klan used this mountain as a meeting spot due to it’s high visibility.
According to the video, when on the mountain on a clear day, one could see for almost
200 miles. This could allow the KKK to see things such as burning crosses. The