AUTISM SHIRLEY THELEAU BENJAMIN LEON SCHOOL OF NURSING
WHAT IS AUTISM ? Autism also called Autism Spectrum Disorder, is a complicated condition that includes problems with communication and behavior. According to the Centers for Disease Control, autism affects an estimated 1 in 59 children in the United States today. It can involve a wide range of symptoms and skills. ASD can be a minor problem or a disability that needs full-time care in a special facility. People with autism have trouble with communication. They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. This makes it hard for them to express themselves, either with words or through gestures, facial expressions, and touch. People with autism might have problems with learning. Their skills might develop unevenly. For example, they could have trouble communicating but be unusually good at art, music, math, or memory. Because of this, they might do especially well on tests of analysis or problem-solving.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS Symptoms usually appear before the age of 3. Common Symptoms A lack of eye contact A narrow range of interests or intense interest in certain topics Doing something over and over, like repeating words or phrases, rocking back and forth, or flipping a lever High sensitivity to sounds, touches, smells, or sights that seem ordinary to other people Not looking at or listening to other people Not looking at things when another person points at them Not wanting to be held or cuddled Problems understanding or using speech, gestures, facial expressions, or tone of voice Talking in a sing-song, flat, or robotic voice Trouble adapting to changes in routine
SOCIAL BEHAVIOR & SOCIAL UNDERSTANDING Basic social interaction can be difficult for children with autism spectrum disorders. Symptoms may include: Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures, and facial expressions (e.g. avoiding eye contact or using facial expressions that don’t match what he or she is saying) Lack of interest in other people or in sharing interests or achievements (e.g. showing you a drawing, pointing to a bird)
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- Fall '19