Chapter16.June02 - Chapter 16 Group 5A: The Pnicogens The...

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104 Chapter 16 Group 5A: The Pnicogens The sections and subsections of this chapter are listed below. 16.1 Discovery and Isolation of the Elements Antimony and Arsenic Phosphorus Bismuth Nitrogen 16.2 Fundamental Properties and the Network Uniqueness Principle pπ-dπ Bonding involving Elements of the Second and Third Periods Other Network Components Hydrides Oxides and Hydroxides Halides 16.3 A Survey of Nitrogen Oxidation States Nitrogen (-3) Compounds: Nitrides and Ammonia Nitrogen (-2), Hydrazine, N 2 H 4 Nitrogen (-1), Hydroxylamine, NH 2 OH Nitrogen (+1), Nitrous Oxide, N 2 O Nitrogen (+2), Nitric Oxide, NO Nitrogen (+3), Dinitrogen Trioxide, N 2 O 3 , and Nitrous Acid, HNO 2 Nitrogen (+4), Nitrogen Dioxide, NO 2 Nitrogen (+5), Dinitrogen Pentoxide, N 2 O 5 , and Nitric Acid, HNO 3 16.4 Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance Nitrogen Fixation Nitrates and Nitrites Nitrogen Air Bags Matches and Phossy Jaw Phosphates 16.5 Selected Topic in Depth: Photochemical Smog
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105 Chapter 16 Objectives You should be able to briefly describe the relationship between some of the Group 5A elements and the ancient practice of alchemy briefly relate how and by whom the Group 5A elements were discovered outline the general manner in which the periodic law, uniqueness principle, inert pair effect, and the acid/base character of oxides are applicable to this group explain how the phosphazenes summarize the relative π-bonding abilities of nitrogen and phosphorus compare and contrast the hydrides of the nitrogen, phosphorus and arsenic discuss the role of pπ-dπ bonding in phosphorus chemistry represent the structural similarities among P 4 , P 4 O 6 , and P 4 O 10 discuss and represent the structures of phosphoric acid, ortho-phosphate, and the various condensed phosphates discuss and represent the structures of phosphorous acid, ortho-phosphites and the various condensed phosphites discuss the structures, preparations, and properties of the phosphorus halides describe and draw the structure of borazine briefly describe the oxidation state, structure, properties, history, preparations and reactions of 1) ammonia 2) hydrazine 3) nitrous oxide 4) nitric oxide 5) nitrous acid and nitrites 6) nitrogen dioxide 7) nitric acid and nitrates briefly discuss three methods of nitrogen fixation explain why nitrogen compounds are often components of high explosives; give three examples briefly explain how automobile air bags work briefly relate the history and hazards of matchmaking briefly explain the role of phosphates in fertilizers, food processing, soft drink formulations, and dental hygiene compare and contrast the general causes and characteristics of London and photochemical smog describe the daily production and abatement of both the primary and secondary pollutants that constitute photochemical smog
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106 Solutions to Odd-Numbered Problems 16.1. The name pnicogen means "choking producer." Obviously if we breathed in just nitrogen and not
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2010 for the course CHEMISTRY CHM 3610 taught by Professor Dr.kavallieratos during the Spring '10 term at FIU.

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Chapter16.June02 - Chapter 16 Group 5A: The Pnicogens The...

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