Chapter17.June02 - 112 Chapter 17 Sulfur, Selenium,...

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Unformatted text preview: 112 Chapter 17 Sulfur, Selenium, Tellurium, and Polonium The sections and subsections of this chapter are listed below. 17.1 Discovery and Isolation of the Elements Sulfur Tellurium and Selenium (Earth and Moon) Polonium 17.2 Fundamental Properties and the Network Hydrides Oxides and Oxoacids Halides 17.3 Allotropes and Compounds Involving Element-Element Bonds Allotropes Polycations and Anions Catenated Halides and Hydrides Catenated Oxoacids and Corresponding Salts 17.4 The Sulfur Nitrides 17.5 Reactions and Compounds of Practical Importance Sodium-Sulfur Batteries Photoelectric Uses of Selenium and Tellurium Sulfuric Acid 17.6 Selected Topic in Depth: Acid Rain 113 Chapter 17 Objectives You should be able to briefly relate how and by whom sulfur, selenium, tellurium, and polonium were discovered outline the general manner in which the periodic law, uniqueness principle, inert pair effect, acid-base character of oxides, standard reduction potentials, and p-d bonding involving elements of the second and third periods are applicable to the Group 6A elements summarize the preparations and properties of the non-catenated hydrides of sulfur and its heavier congeners summarize the preparations and properties of the oxides and non-catenated oxoacids of sulfur and its heavier congeners summarize the preparations and properties of the non-catenated halides of sulfur and its heavier congeners discuss the major allotropes of sulfur in the solid, liquid, and gaseous phases give some examples and discuss the properties and structures of some catenated polycations and anions of sulfur and its heavier congeners give some examples and discuss the properties, preparations, and structures of the catenated halides and hydrides of sulfur and its heavier congeners give some examples and discuss the properties, preparations, and structures of catenated sulfur-containing oxoacids and their corresponding salts give some examples and discuss the properties, preparations, and structures of some representative sulfur nitrides describe the nature of sodium-sulfide batteries describe the role of selenium and tellurium in the Xerox process and in II-VI semiconductors describe the industrial preparation and some of the uses of sulfuric acid describe the causes, consequences, and possible control of acid rain 114 Solutions to Odd-Numbered Problems 17.1. Since gunpowder was introduced in the thirteenth century and matches soon after the discovery of phosphorus in late seventeenth century by Brandt, these inventors most likely did not regard sulfur as an element. Only in the first decade of the nineteenth century was sulfur so recognized....
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Chapter17.June02 - 112 Chapter 17 Sulfur, Selenium,...

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