precoll - DRAFT LITERATURE REVIEW PRE-COLLEGE OUTREACH...

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DRAFT LITERATURE REVIEW PRE-COLLEGE OUTREACH PROGRAMS FOR LOW-INCOME STUDENTS ADVISORY COMMITTEE ON STUDENT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE JULY 2004
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DRAFT Pre-College Outreach Programs For Low-Income Students: A Literature Review Prepared For The Advisory Committee On Student Financial Assistance Prepared By Joie Jager-Hyman Boston, Massachusetts July 2004
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PRE-COLLEGE OUTREACH PROGRAMS FOR LOW-INCOME STUDENTS: A LITERATURE REVIEW INTRODUCTION In a perfect world, all children would have access to the essential academic, financial, and information resources necessary to prepare them for success in higher education and prosperous careers. In our world, however, not all children are given the same chances to succeed. Despite public investment in equalizing educational opportunities for traditionally underserved students, historic patterns of inequality in educational attainment by race and income persist today. This is particularly alarming when we consider that the gap in lifetime earnings by educational attainment continues to grow. Failing to provide all students with adequate resources to succeed academically will likely have long-term negative impacts on their lives as adults. Furthermore, an educated workforce promotes economic growth, higher tax revenues, and increased participation in civic society. As a result, many educators and policy makers are turning their attention to pre-college outreach programs to provide additional academic, financial and informational support to students in need. The American public is committed to supporting policies and programs that are geared at increasing access and retention in higher education for low-income students. Since the passage of the Higher Education Act (HEA) of 1965, federal policy makers have provided low-income students with public assistance for college tuition. However, financial aid is not enough to truly equalize opportunities for educational advancement. Students who lack early information about financial aid policies and support systems to navigate the complex aid application process are less likely to make the necessary
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investments required to prepare for postsecondary education (Kane, 2002). Hence, lawmakers implemented federal outreach programs, such as Upward Bound and GEAR UP, to provide students with the additional academic and informational support to prepare them for success in college. This report will review the existing literature on pre-college outreach programs to present a comprehensive overview of what is known about the effectiveness of these programs on access and persistence in higher education for low-income students. Churches organized the first outreach programs over 50 years ago. Today, there are hundreds of programs across the country with a variety of programmatic offerings. Knowing more about these programs can help policy makers and practitioners replicate
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2010 for the course ENG 100 taught by Professor Vikki during the Spring '10 term at University of Massachusetts Boston.

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precoll - DRAFT LITERATURE REVIEW PRE-COLLEGE OUTREACH...

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