CH3 - Biology The study of life UNIT I Chemistry Chapter 3...

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Biology: The study of life
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2 UNIT I. Chemistry Chapter 3 The Chemical Basis of Life II: Organic Molecules
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3 Properties of Life Unity All modern forms of life display a common set of characteristics Based on biological evolution Diversity Many types of environments with diverse organisms
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4 Student Learning Outcomes: Explain the properties of carbon that make it the focal point of organic compounds. Appreciate the variety and chemical characteristics of common functional groups of organic compounds. Describe each biological macromolecule, and how monomers of each class are brought together to form the macromolecules. Give examples of several different proteins and the general types of functions they carry out in a cell.
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5 Organic Chemistry Organic molecules contain carbon Abundant in living organisms Macromolecules
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6 Wohler’s Synthesis of an Organic Compound (pp. 41-42)
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7 Organic Chemistry Organic molecules contain carbon Abundant in living organisms Macromolecules
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8 Atoms Smallest functional units of matter that form all chemical substances and that cannot be further broken down into other substances by ordinary chemical or physical means Each specific type of atom is a chemical element
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9 Carbon Carbon has 4 electrons in its outer shell Needs 4 more electrons to fill the shell Carbon can form nonpolar and polar bonds
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10 Fig. 3.2, p. 42
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Fig. 3.2a, p. 42
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12
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13 Carbon Carbon has 4 electrons in its outer shell Needs 4 more electrons to fill the shell Carbon can form nonpolar and polar bonds
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14 Functional Groups (p. 43) Groups of atoms with special chemical features that are functionally important Table 3.1, p. 43
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15 Page 43
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This note was uploaded on 04/06/2010 for the course BIO bio 183 taught by Professor Ferzli during the Spring '08 term at N.C. State.

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CH3 - Biology The study of life UNIT I Chemistry Chapter 3...

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