Political_Science_137B_-_Spring_2006_-_Gregor_-_Final

Political_Science_137B_-_Spring_2006_-_Gregor_-_Final - PS...

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Unformatted text preview: PS 1373 Revolutionary Movements. Final Examination Spring 2006 A. J. Gregor Instructions: Students are required to answer bgph questions in essay format, making certain to answer all parts of each question. The answers to both questions should not exceed a total of ten (10) double—spaced typed pages (not counting endnotes). Any pages in excess of ten (10) will not be read and will not count toward the grade. Spelling and grammar will be considerations. Papers should include a face—sheet (not counted in the ten [10] page limit) which provides the student’s name and identification number, together with the class and date. Papers must be delivered at the time and place specified in the official schedule of examinations. (Papers delivered anywhere else——the Polisci office, my mailbox, my office or anyplace else——will not be accepted and the student will receive a failing grade.) Answers should.be coherent, intelligent, learned, relevant, economical (no frills or flourishes) and convincing. Citations should be provided in endnotes where appropriate. Readings from sources other than those assigned would constitute evidence of initiative and, if relevant, would enhance the student's grade. Question One: Chinese history in the 20th century was, in large part, shaped by two revolutionaries: Sun Yat—sen and Mao Zedong. Sun, and those who followed him, followed an historical trajectory from the revolution of 1911 until the realization of Sun’s goals in Taiwan (the Republic of China) with the institution of "constitutional government.“ Mao and those who followed.hinlpursued an alternative path beginning with revolutionary activity in the late 1920s until the advent to power in 1949, to Mao’s death in 1976, and the maturation of the People’s Republic of China under Deng Xiaoping and his followers. At the turn of the 21st century, the two systems are both similar and different in significant fashion. In what senses are.they the same and in what manner are they different? Your answer should address the question of their respective ideological goals, the manner of achieving those goals, and their respective institutions both instrumental, transient and final. In the course of your account explain the role played by Marxism in the thought and revolutionary practice of Sun, Mao and Deng. Question Two: One of the issues that has occupied us in the course of our discussions has been the tragedy of the mass murder of innocents in the 20th century. There can be no adequate explanation of such horror, but speculate on the contingent conditions that might contribute to such an outcome. Some of the things you might well consider are (1) how can governments actually accomplish such purpose (think of the logistical and organizational problems)? (2) The major offenders in the 20th century have been "Marxist— Leninist" systems (the Soviet Union, Mao's China, Pol Pot’s "Democratic Kampuchea" [National Socialist Germany requires separate treatment1). Speculate on why that might be the case. (3) What role might "totalitarianism" play in such circumstances? How is "totalitarian“ government different from traditional authoritarian government? and how might it legitimate mass murder? ...
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