Sir Joseph Banks - Nghia Nguyen Seminar 2 Sir Joseph Banks...

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Nghia Nguyen Seminar 2 Sir Joseph Banks. All of us know that plants are very important to the environment and mankind, but very few of us aware of plant’s role and the danger we’re facing today because of our activities that destroy the environment we live in. Plants indeed are first-basic- most important for almost every life’s cycle on Earth. Plants help to secure the healthy environment for human being and of course most the (or all) the food human need come directly or indirectly from plants, they also provide countless other priceless service to the world. By studying the plant’s world, we can understand our environment and the climate changes, therefore provide a healthier life to the world. Plants study has been subjects as long as human history, but not until the industrialize revolution (also known as agriculture revolution) it was strongly developed and last until today. One of such greatest attempt to collect and preserve plant species are undertaken by the Royal Botanic Garden, Kew (Kew Garden). The Garden is one of the world leading botanic gardens, holding over 1 in 8 of known plant species. Kew has a long history that could trace back to the 16 th century under Henry VII and it was the works of many great people including royalties, directors, landscapers, architects, gardeners, botanists and artists. Among those great contributions, Joseph Banks, a man who lived 200 years ago, was standing out as one of the greatest botanist of all time. He served as a collector, director, and botanist; under his supervision Kew became one of the foremost botanical gardens in the world. Today, Kew Garden is a significant place for many important study and research about botany and environment all around the world take places.
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First of all, let’s try to know and understand Sir Joseph Banks, the significant man who laid a firm foundation for botanic and Kew. Joseph Banks was born in London on 15 February 1743, into a wealthy and prosperous family. His father, William Banks was a squire and a member of the House of Common. Different with others upper class boys at that time usually learn arithmetic, French, dancing, or drawing; as a boy Banks enjoyed exploring the Lincolnshire countryside and had a great interest in nature and botany. One of the story from Sir Everard Home told about Banks when he was fourteen reflected his nature interest in botany: “… he was walking leisurely along a lane, the sides of which were richly enamelled with flowers; he stopped and looked round, involuntarily exclaimed, How beautiful! … He said to himself, it is surely more natural that I should be taught to know all these productions of Nature.” Since then his life had an aim. Although Banks conduct his study in the whold range of natural philosophy short of mathematics and many natural sciences, but botany remained as his chief love and interest. Banks began immediately to teach himself botany, he always carry with him the book in his mother’s dressing room,
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Sir Joseph Banks - Nghia Nguyen Seminar 2 Sir Joseph Banks...

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