7 Political Participation

7 Political Participation - PS 110 7: Political...

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PS 110 7: Political Participation 7-1 political participation : involvement in activities intended to influence public policy and leadership A—Voting 1. suffrage : the right to vote a. 1840—all states had extended suffrage to property-less males b. African-Americans: i. 15 th Amendment (1870): amendment granting all men (including former slaves) the right to vote, although not enforced ii. Civil Rights Movement: 24 th Amendment (1964): amendment banning poll taxes used to discriminate against African-Americans Voting Rights Act of 1965 allowed for more enforcement c. 19 th Amendment (1920): amendment granting women’s suffrage d. 26 th Amendment (1971): amendment lowering the voting age to 18 2. voter turnout : proportion of adult citizens who actually vote in a given election a. turnout relatively low in the US i. averages since 1964: 55% turnout for presidential elections 40% for mid-term elections ii. lower than most other comparable democracies (upwards of 80% turnout in most European democracies)—partially due to statistics (Europe calculates on all eligible voters, US on all adults)
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7 Political Participation - PS 110 7: Political...

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