10 News Media - PS 110 10: News Media 10-1 news: media...

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PS 110 10: News Media 10-1 news : media version of reality, with focus on timely (new/unfolding), dramatic (striking), and compelling (arousing emotion) events press (news media): organizations and journalists in the business of reporting news o the press in the US is remarkably free in comparison to other nations; also, libel suits almost always side with the freedom of the press o serves as an intermediate link between the people and politics A—Print Media 1. partisan press : news media that openly support a political party and whom follow the party line a. origins in the Washington administration: i. Alexander Hamilton lured John Fenno to publish the Gazette of the United States to recount the accomplishments of Washington’s presidency, becoming a Federalist mouthpiece ii. Jefferson countered by founding the National Gazette under Philip Freneau to express the Democratic-Republicans’ view iii. dependence on parties: low circulation due to high cost of production (higher prices above most people’s means) as well as majority illiteracy with limited market, Hamilton offered Fenno contracts for Treasury Department printing and Jefferson State Department printing for Freneau, making them entirely subsidized by the partisans b. decline of the partisan press: i. reduced production cost: telegraph (1837) allowed for more news content and less opinion rotary press enabled more cost-effective production ii. mass readership—i.e. New York Sun reduced cost from 6¢ to 1¢, increasing subscriptions from 1000 to 10,000 in a single year 2. yellow journalism : sensationalist style of journalism predominant in the press around the turn of the 20 th century, appealing to a mass audience and motivating ad revenue a. technological advances reduced cost i. newsprint ii. power-driven presses b. higher circulation made ad revenue greater, driving competition for more readers with increasingly sensationalist reporting c. sensational race between William Randolph Hearst’s New York Journal and Joseph Pulitzer’s New York World drove the war frenzy for the Spanish-American War in 1898 3. objective journalism : journalism based on the reporting of facts rather than opinions and fairness in presenting both sides of partisan debates a. rise: i. separation of the news and advertising departments gave rise to less sensational writing ii. Adolph Ochs’
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2010 for the course POLITICAL PS260 taught by Professor Craigcobane during the Spring '10 term at Uni. Iceland.

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10 News Media - PS 110 10: News Media 10-1 news: media...

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