1.3-EECE253_02_DigitalImagesAndMatlab

1.3-EECE253_02_DigitalImagesAndMatlab - .ASU ,50149...

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EECE/CS 253 Image Processing Richard Alan Peters II Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Fall Semester 2006 Lecture Notes: Digital Images and Matlab This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 2.5 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/2.5/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 543 Howard Street, 5th Floor, San Francisco, California, 94105, USA.
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16 January 2007 2 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Digital Image Digital Image a grid of squares, each of which contains a single color a grid of squares, each of which contains a single color each square is called a pixel (for picture element ) each square is called a pixel (for picture element ) Color images have 3 values per pixel; monochrome images have 1 value per pixel.
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16 January 2007 3 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II A digital image, I , is a mapping from a 2D grid of uniformly spaced discrete points, { p = ( r,c )}, into a set of positive integer values, { I ( p )}, or a set of vector values, e.g., {[ RGB ] T ( p )} . At each column location in each row of I there is a value. The pair ( p, I ( p ) ) is called a “pixel” (for picture element ). Pixels
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16 January 2007 4 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II p = ( r,c ) is the pixel location indexed by row, r, and column, c. I ( p ) = I ( r,c ) is the value of the pixel at location p. If I ( p ) is a single number then I is monochrome. If I ( p ) is a vector (ordered list of numbers) then I has multiple bands ( e.g., a color image). Pixels
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16 January 2007 5 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Pixels Pixel Location: p = ( r , c ) Pixel Value: I ( p ) = I ( r , c ) Pixel : [ p, I ( p )]
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16 January 2007 6 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II = = 61 43 12 blue green red ) ( p I ( ) ( ) ( ) 277 , 272 col , row , = = = # # c r p Pixel : [ p, I ( p )] Pixels
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16 January 2007 7 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling and Quantization sampled real image quantized sampled & quantized
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16 January 2007 8 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling and Quantization sampled real image quantized sampled & quantized pixel grid column index column index r o w i n d e x r o w i n d e x
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16 January 2007 9 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling ) , ( c r I S ( ) χ ρ , C I continuous image sampled image Take the average within each square. Take the average within each square.
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16 January 2007 10 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling ) , ( c r I S ( ) χ ρ , C I continuous image sampled image Take the average within each square. Take the average within each square.
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16 January 2007 11 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling ) , ( c r I S ( ) χ ρ , C I continuous image sampled image Take the average within each square. Take the average within each square.
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16 January 2007 12 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Sampling ) , ( c r I S ( ) χ ρ , C I continuous image sampled image Take the average within each square. Take the average within each square.
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16 January 2007 13 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Read a Truecolor Image into Matlab
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16 January 2007 14 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Read a Truecolor Image into Matlab
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16 January 2007 15 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II Read a Truecolor Image into Matlab
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16 January 2007 16 1999-2007 by Richard Alan Peters II
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1.3-EECE253_02_DigitalImagesAndMatlab - .ASU ,50149...

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