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Unformatted text preview: !"#$%&'&(# )*+ -*./0 1/''2# !"#$ %&#'()*+#"(& #( Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able. . . 1. to summarize the development of intelligence testing; 2. to describe Spearman’s, Gardner’s and Sternberg’s models of intelligence, and the rationale behind each; 3. to identify the kinds of information that intelligence tests do and do not give. Lecture outline 1. Development of intelligence testing A. Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon (Binet & Simon, 1904) i. Tasked with identifying students who need extra help ii. Test many children at each age iii. Compare individuals to “normal” scores B. Lewis Terman i. Stanford-Binet test for age 2 to adult ii. “Stanford” because he was at Stanford University C. David Wechsler i. Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) ii. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) iii. Performance and verbal subtests 2. Measuring intelligence A. Calculating IQ i. (Mental age/chronological age) * 100 = IQ ii. The normal distribution B. The low end of the spectrum: Mental retardation i. DeFnition...
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- Spring '10
- Intelligence quotient, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, c. Gardner, intelligence a., intelligence A. Spearman