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Grade 11 U.S. History (including advanced) End-Of-Course Exam Study Guide Figueredo, Carolina 1-14-19 4 U.S. History
Unit 7: World War II World War II Final Solution Extermination of Jews through death camps Holocaust 6 million Jews killed Hitler's orders Lend Lease Act Providing U.S. military aid to foreign countries Pearl Harbor Japanese attack that pulled the U.S. into WWII Neutrality Acts Banned shipment of military material to other nations to prevent involvement in war Cash and Carry FDR - Policy requested that non-military goals were to be paid with cash and taken immediately Home Front West: California became a major industrial center South: New industry and military bases were built in the south which helped end sharecropping and tenant farming Japanese American Internment Camps U.S. put Japanese in for labor because of fear that they would infiltrate the United States
Loyalty Review Boards As a result of communist fears, Truman asked for sweep of loyalty investigations of federal employees D-Day and Normandy June 6, 1944 Allied forces invaded Northern France by landing on Normandy beaches V-E Day May 8, 1945 Victory in Europe a day where allies accepted Germany's surrender Coral Sea Battle between naval Japan and U.S. where U.S. stopped Japan from capturing New Guinea Hiroshima City that was the victim of first U.S. atomic bomb Nagasaki City that the victim of second U.S. atomic bomb Midway Battle where Japan attempted to take Guam V-J Day August 14, 1945 Victory in Japan. U.S. accepts Japan's surrender Attempts at Peace The Nuremberg trials made permanent the story of the holocaust and other Nazi crimes against humanity
Potsdam Conference The final wartime meeting of the leaders of the United States, Britain, and the Soviet Union was held in July, 1945. Truman, Churchill, and Stalin discussed the future of Europe but their failure to reach meaningful agreements soon led to the onset of the Cold War. Tehran Conference First major meeting between the Big Three (United States, Britain, Russia) at which they planned the 1944 assault on France and agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation after the war United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization established 24 October 1945, to promote international co-operation. A replacement for the ineffective League of Nations, the organization was created following the Second World War to prevent another such conflict. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193. The UN aims to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. Yalta Conference FDR, Churchill and Stalin met. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War Mary McLeod Bethune A leader in the struggle for women's and black equality. She founded a school for black students that eventually became Bethune-Cookman University. She also served as an adviser to FDR

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