Lecture30A - Lecture 30 1 Gas Dynamics and Reactions...

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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 30 1 Gas Dynamics and Reactions (27.4-7) In the gas phase, unless a molecule is unstable, something must occur for a reaction to occur. There are basically two paths: a molecule strikes a surface (reacts and/or dissociates); a molecule strikes another molecule (reacts and/or dissociates). Kinetic gas theory can tell us the rate at which these collisions take place. 1 st gas-surface collisions Fig 27.5 As you might expect, the number of collisions will be proportional to the gas speed, u, and density, =N/V (# density). { ( 29 lengthof cylinder In a small cylinder: volume element cos Note as /2, volume A udt = Lecture 30 2 ( 29 Now A cos is proportional to the number of molecules in the cylinder in a time interval dt. udt ( 29 ( 29 cos includes only those with speeds between u and u+du A udt F u du ( 29 ( 29 sin cos further selects that fraction travelling 4 towards the surface within solid angle and +d , and and +d . d d A udt F u ( 29 ( 29 coll sin cos 4 dN # of molecules colliding within area, A, from the specified direction in a time interval dt. coll d d A udt F u dN = = so collision rate on surface coll dN dt = collision rate per unit area for those in the speed range 1 and for our selected direction coll coll dN dz u u du A dt = = + Lecture 30 3 ( 29 cos sin 4 coll dz uF u du d d = We'll average over all speeds and directions, noting that (see figure 27.5) /2, limited range for !...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2010 for the course CHEM 444 taught by Professor Jameslis during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

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Lecture30A - Lecture 30 1 Gas Dynamics and Reactions...

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