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Unformatted text preview: Lecture 18 1 Maxwell Relations and Nonideality (22.35) There are lots of mathematical tricks and games we can play V S V S U U dU TdS PdV dS dV S V U U T and P S V = = + = =  but since then this is a Maxwell relation V S S V S V U U V S S V T P V S = =  Similarly for V T P S dA PdV SdT T V =  = Lecture 18 2 Now for equations of state (which involve relationships between Pressure, Temperature, and Volume), it is very useful to express entropy and other functions using these new equations. at constant Temp T V V S P P dS dV V T T = = 2 1 1 so If V is very large, our gas is ideal. V V V P S dV T = ( 29 , ' (will write id for ideal) ideal V ideal V V P S T V S dV T  = 2 for vdW gas: V RT a P R P V b V T V b = =   ( 29 ' , ln id V id V id dV V b S T V S R R V b V b = = Lecture 18 3 For an ideal gas: V P RT R T T V V = = 2 1 2 1 ' ln for an isothermal process V V V dV S R R V V = = Earlier (from fun with math) we showed using: then solving for dS: V T U U dU TdS PdV dT dV T V = = +...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2010 for the course CHEM 444 taught by Professor Jameslis during the Spring '08 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.
 Spring '08
 JamesLis
 Physical chemistry, pH

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