Sociology NotesChapter 1

Sociology NotesChapter 1 - Sociology Notes -Human Social...

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Sociology Notes Chapter 1 -Human Social Activity -Social Behavior -Scientific Study Chapter 1 *Sociologists see the general in the particular -Origin of Sociology 3 Changes Transformed Society o Rise of a factory based economy o Explosive growth of cities o New ideas about Democracy and political rights *Change led to thinking about society and people’s place in it (1.) Auguste Compte (1798 – 1857) o Coined term “sociology” o Posihivism o Apply scientific method to society o Problems for sociologists -Social order = Order and Stability -Social dynamics = Social Change o Role for Sociologists Discover natural laws
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Social reform and progress (2.) Herbert Spencer (1820 – 1903) o Compared society to living organism -Society like dog -Interdependent parts work together o View on social change -Darwin’s theory of evolution -Principle of adaption -Evolution = Progress (3.) Karl Marx (1818 – 1883) o Focus = Social conflict and revolution o Historical role of class conflict o Role of sociologist
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Sociology NotesChapter 1 - Sociology Notes -Human Social...

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