Sociology - Sociology Ch.1 1/13/09 Sociology Human Social...

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Sociology Ch.1 1/13/09 Sociology Human Social Activity (scientific study) Social Behavior Chapter 1 Origin of Sociology : 3 changes transformed society Rise of factory-raised economy Explosive growth of cities New ideas about Democracy and Political Rights Changes led to thinking about Society and people place in it Auguste Compte (1798-1857) Coined term sociology Positivism Apply scientific method to society Problems for sociologists Social order = order and stability Social dynamics = social change Role for sociologists Discover natural laws Social reform and progress Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) Compared society to living organism Society like dog Interdependent parts work together View on social change Darwin’s theory of evolution Principle of adaptation Evolution = progress Karl Marx (1818-1883) Focus = social conflict and revolution Historical role of class conflict
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2010 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1234 taught by Professor Wilson during the Spring '08 term at Ohio State.

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Sociology - Sociology Ch.1 1/13/09 Sociology Human Social...

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