The Three Paradigms of HCI

The Three Paradigms of HCI - The Three Paradigms of HCI...

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The Three Paradigms of HCI ABSTRACT Informal histories of HCI commonly document two major intellectual waves that have formed the field: the first orienting from engineering/human factors with its focus on optimizing man-machine fit, and the second stemming from cognitive science, with an increased emphasis on theory and on what is happening not only in the computer but, simultaneously, in the human mind. In this paper, we document underlying forces that constitute a third wave in HCI and suggest sys- temic consequences for the CHI community. We provi- sionally name this the ‘phenomenological matrix’. In the course of creating technologies such as ubiquitous computing, visualization, affective and educational technology, a variety of approaches are addressing is- sues that are bad fits to prior paradigms, ranging from embodiment to situated meaning to values and social issues. We demonstrate the underlying unity of these approaches, and document how they suggest the cen- trality of currently marginal criteria for design, evalua- tion, appreciation, and developmental methodology in CHI work. Author Keywords Embodied interaction, CSCW, interpretation, reflective HCI, paradigms ACM Classification Keywords H5.m. Information interfaces and presentation (e.g., HCI): Miscellaneous. Copyright is held by the author/owner(s). CHI 2007, April 28 – May 3, 2007, San Jose, USA ACM 1-xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx. Steve Harrison Department of Computer Science and (by courtesy) Art and Art History Virginia Tech 121 VTKW II 2202 Kraft Dr – MC 0106 Blacksburg, VA 24060 USA [email protected] Deborah Tatar Department of Computer Science and (by courtesy) Psychology Virginia Tech 123 VTKW II 2202 Kraft Dr – MC 0106 Blacksburg, VA 24060 USA [email protected] Phoebe Sengers Information Science and Technol- ogy Cornell University Ithaca, NY 14580 USA [email protected]
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2 INTRODUCTION Over the last few years, the authors of this paper have become increasingly aware that the third paradigm has been discussed in corners and cafes with much head nodding at the CHI conference, but has not been intro- duced as a legitimate frame or lens through which to view contributions. This paper is an attempt to give wider voice to the idea, first named by Malcolm McCullough’s book, Digital Ground , and discussed but not named in Paul Dourish’s Where the Action Is [22, 8] Our name for this is the “Phenomenological Matrix.” Looking back over the history of CHI publications, we can see how our community has broadened intellectu- ally from its original roots in engineering research and, later, cognitive science. The official title of our central conference is “Conference on Human Factors in Com- puting Systems” even though we usually call it “CHI”. Human factors
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2010 for the course ISE 217 taught by Professor Moallem,a during the Spring '08 term at San Jose State.

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The Three Paradigms of HCI - The Three Paradigms of HCI...

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