Chapter 7.docx - Ch 7 1 Examine America\u2019s role in political participation Political participation Involvement in activities intended to influence

Chapter 7.docx - Ch 7 1 Examine Americau2019s role in...

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Ch. 7 1. Examine America’s role in political participation Political participation Involvement in activities intended to influence public policy and leadership Such as voting, joining political groups, writing to elected officials, demonstrating for political caU.S.es, giving money to political candidates Democracies- distinguished by their emphasis on citizen participation Self-govt would be an empty promise if Citizens couldn't participate in public affairs Without meaningful opportunities If those opportunities are reserved for the few Voter turn out Voter turnout in Euless elections is low bc of U.S. election laws especially the ones pertaining to registration requirements and the scheduling of elections Non participation and voting The minority in the U.S. are political activist Americans don't actively participate in politics in ways other than voting They are more likely to give time and money to political and community organizations Personal and public lives Most Americans make a distinction between the two This outlook reduces their want to participate and contributes to a pattern of participation dominated by higher income/education citizens 2. Voter participation Suffrage- right to vote African Americans and voting Rigged literacy test Pre-condition of being allowed to registered to vote Questions are so difficult that examiner sometimes had to look up the answer Names of test takers were sometimes published in newspapers 1960s- Congress/courts swept away last legal barriers to equal suffrage for African Americans Women and voting Didn't vote until 19th amendment- 1920 SU.S.an B Anthony Arrested for “illegal voting” and told that her proper place was in the home when she tried to vote in her hometown in New York Voting age 26th amendment The word voting age from twenty one to 18 “if you're old enough to die, you're old enough to vote” Factors in voter turnout: the U.S. in comparative perspective Voter turnout: proportion of adult citizens who actually vote in given election Average to roughly 60% in presidential elections, meaning 3 out of 5 eligible citizens voted Lower in midterm and local elections Belgium has 85% and Germany and Italy have 70% Registration requirements Began around 1900 to prevent people from casting multiple ballots
Ch. 7 In U.S. Registration is the individual's responsibility Some states make little effort to inform citizens about registration times and locations Some legislations enacted laws requiring citizens to have document evidence of citizenship such as driver’s license passport and birth certificate

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