Chapter 9 - Ch 9 1 Identify many of the interest groups found in America today Pluralist Theory of American politics Society\u2019s interests are

Chapter 9 - Ch 9 1 Identify many of the interest...

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Ch. 9 1. Identify many of the interest groups found in America today: Pluralist Theory of American politics Society’s interests are represented most effectively through group action An interest group aka faction, pressure group, lobbying group Any org. That actively seeks to influence pub policy Concentrate on policies directly affecting their interests Most powerful- bus groups Those groups associated w eco. Activity are most organized bc superior financial resources and private goods are provided to ppl in org. No money- organizational difficulties No eco activity = difficulty organizing Individuals may decide to not pay member fees bc these groups pursue goods that are already available to the ppl who aren’t in group Influence Pol. Leaders- lobbying and electioneering Lobbying/electioneering: traditional means by which groups communicate w/ and influence leaders Recent developments (grassroots lobbying) heightened itnerst groups influence Over representing bus. Interests = less rep for society Interest group sys overrepresents business interests and has policies that serve a group’s interests rather than society’s interests as a whole Can cause to distort policy process 2. The interest group system Americans more likely than ppl of other nations to join org. Groups What contributes to group action? Country’s tradition of free association Diverse interests Gives them reason to pursue policy influence through group action Nation’s political structure Bc of federalism, sep of powers, groups have multiple points of entry to influence policy Eco. Group No interests more fully organized than those w/ eco activity as primary purpose Exist to make profits, provide jobs, improve pay, protect occupation Pro associations, corporations, labor unions, farm groups Business Groups Most numerous among eco. Groups Make up more than ½ of all groups are registered to lobby congress Firms are represented through trade associations Some seek to advance broad interests of business National Association of Manufacturers (1894) Represents 14k manufacturers One of the oldest associations U.S. Chamber of Commerce Represents nearly 3 million businesses of all sizes American Petroleum Institute, National association of Home Builders Confined to single trade/industry
Ch. 9 Labor Groups Seek to promote policies that benefit workers in general and union members in particular AFL-CIO Dominant labor group Has 12 mil in 60 unions Includes the international brotherhood of electrical workers, sheet metal workers, American federation of Teachers 1 out of 8 workers is a union member Professionals Have little interest in union org. Possibly bc they identify w/ management and considered economically secure 2% are union members Service workers/technicians Difficult for unions to organize bc they work closely w/ managers in small offices Most union workers work in pub sector Most heavily unionized employees are those work for local govt

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