Chapter 8.docx - Ch 8 1 Learn what political parties do for the American voter Political Party Ongoing coalition of interests joined together to get its

Chapter 8.docx - Ch 8 1 Learn what political parties do for...

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Ch. 8 1.Learn what political parties do for the American voter Political PartyOngoing coalition of interests joined together to get its candidates for public office elected under a common label Parties give voters a chance to influence the direction of government.Political competition b/w 2 parties Pattern is explained by nature of America's electoral systems political institutions andpolitical culture Minor parties in U.S. have been unable to compete successfully for government power To win candidates must appeal to diverse set of interests Let candidates to advocate moderate and somewhat overlapping policies, although this tendency weekend in recent years U.S. party org. Are decentralized and fragmented National org.- loose collection of state org. State org.- loose collection of local org. This feature of U.S. parties can be traced back to federalism and nations diversity, it makes it hard to act as instruments of national power Party org. Or sometimes weakAbility of party org. To control nominations and elections to offices weak Strengthens candidates’ rolesMoney media and consultants Candidate centered campaigns are based on money/media CCC utilize skills of professional consultants 2.Party competition and majority Parties give citizens capacity to exert influence Linkage institutions Serve to connect citizens with government Party competitions Narrows voters’ options to 2 and enables people with different backgrounds/opinions to act in unison When U.S. was founded formation of parties was first step toward building in its democracyReason: competition among parties that gives popular majorities a choice over how they'll be governed The first parties Early American leaders mistrusted parties (George Washington)James Madison: parties were best way for like-minded leaders /citizens to work together to achieve common goals Originate it in rivalry b/w Alexander Hamilton and TJ, who opposed Alexander Hamilton's attempts to strengthen federal government through national Commerce Hamilton made the federal party to support his cause Thomas Jefferson made Democratic Republican Party By the end of Monroe’s presidency policy differences split the Democratic Republicans Dominating faction was Democrats Thomas Jefferson’s party is the forerunner of today's Democratic Party AJ and grassroots parties
Ch. 8 Grassroot party: organized chiefly at local level, open to all citizens Jackson's goal was to wrest political power from established elite Alexis de Tocqueville- “people reign in American political world as a deity does in the universe” Whig party Emerged to challenge Democrat We're United less by government philosophy than by their opposition to AJ and his followers Disintegrated bc slavery tore it apart Republican Party Northern based party emerging as Democrats main challenger Republican nominee Lincoln was able to win bc the Democratic party split Civil war

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